The Commission on Capital Cases updates this information regularly.  This information, however, is subject to change and may not reflect the latest status of an inmate’s case and should not be relied on for statistical or legal purposes.


ARMSTRONG, Lancelot (B/M)

DC #   693504

DOB: 07/29/63


Seventeenth Judicial Circuit, Broward County, Case #90-5417-CF

Sentencing Judge: The Honorable Thomas M. Coker

Resentencing Judge: The Honorable Michael Gates

Trial Attorney: Edward Malavenda, Esq. – Private

Attorneys, Resentencing: Hilliard Moldof & Edward Malavenda, Esq. – Private

Attorney, Direct Appeal: Jeffery Anderson – Assistant Public Defender

Attorney, Collateral Appeals: Pro Se


Date of Offense:           02/17/90

Date of Sentence:         06/20/91


Circumstances of Offense:


In the early morning hours of 02/17/90, Lancelot Armstrong, the defendant, and Michael Coleman entered Church’s Fried Chicken restaurant under the pretense of visiting Kay Allen.  Allen was the assistant manager of Church’s and the former girlfriend of the defendant.  Initially, Allen refused to meet with Armstrong, but eventually accompanied him to his car outside, while Coleman stayed in the restaurant.


According to testimony, the defendant told Allen he was going to rob the restaurant and that, if she did not cooperate, he might have to kill her.  All the other employees had gone home, so Armstrong, Allen and Coleman were alone.  When getting the money out of the safe, Allen managed to pull the silent alarm.


Deputy Sheriffs Robert Sallustio and John Greeney arrived at the scene to find Armstrong in the car and Coleman still in the restaurant.  Shots fired from inside the restaurant distracted the officers, enabling Armstrong to reach for his gun and to open fire on the officers as well.  Sallustio was struck three times and Greeney was killed instantly.  Armstrong and Coleman fled the state and were apprehended in Maryland.  Investigators determined that bullets from Armstrong’s gun killed Greeney because he suffered from shots fired at close-range.


Codefendant Information:


Michael Coleman, the codefendant, received life in prison for his role in the robbery and shooting.


Trial Summary:


02/27/90          The Defendant was arrested.

03/07/90          The Defendant was indicted on the following counts:

                                    Count I:            Murder in the First-Degree

                                    Count II:           Attempted Murder of a Law Enforcement Officer

                                    Count III:         Robbery with a Firearm

04/17/91          The jury returned a verdict of guilty on all counts.

05/09/91          Upon advisory sentencing, the jury, by a 9 to 3 majority, voted for the death penalty.

06/20/91          The Defendant was sentenced as followed:

Count I:           First-Degree Murder – Death

Count II:          Attempted Murder – Life

                                    Count III:        Robbery with a Firearm – Life

10/30/03          The Florida Supreme Court vacated the defendant’s death sentence and remanded the case for


04/25/07          The jury recommended the imposition of the death penalty by a vote of 9-3.

06/15/07          The defendant was resentenced as follows:

                                    Count I:           First-Degree Murder – Death


Appeal Summary:


Florida Supreme Court – Direct Appeal

FSC #78,180

642 So. 2d 730


06/26/91          Appeal filed.

08/11/94          FSC affirmed the convictions and sentence of death.

09/29/94          Rehearing denied.

10/31/94          Mandate issued.


United States Supreme Court – Petition for Writ of Certiorari

USSC #94-8198

514 U.S. 1085


02/24/95          Petition filed.

04/24/95          Petition denied.


State Circuit Court – 3.850 Motion

CC #90-5417


03/18/97          Motion filed.

05/25/01          Motion denied.


Florida Supreme Court – 3.850 Appeal

FSC #SC01-1874

862 So.2d 705


08/27/01          Appeal filed.

10/30/03          FSC affirmed the denial of Armstrong’s 3.850 Motion in part, vacated Armstrong’s death sentence

and remanded for a new penalty phase.

12/19/03          Armstrong’s Motion for Rehearing denied.

12/19/03          Motion for Rehearing filed by the State denied.

02/20/04          Mandate issued.


Florida Supreme Court – Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus

FSC #SC02-1122

862 So.2d 705


05/15/02          Petition filed.

10/30/03          Petition denied.

12/19/03          Rehearing denied.

02/20/04          Mandate issued.


United States Supreme Court – Petition for Writ of Certiorari

USSC# 03-1198

541 U.S. 1056


02/18/04          Petition filed.

05/17/04          Petition denied.


State Circuit Court – Resentencing

CC #90-5417


06/15/07          Defendant resentenced to death.


Florida Supreme Court – Direct appeal, Resentencing

FSC# 09-1659



09/09/09          Appeal filed.


Factors Contributing to the Delay in the Imposition of the Sentence:


Armstrong’s Direct Appeal took over three years to complete.  Also, in consideration of the financial state of the CCR, a motion to toll time was granted regarding the filing of a 3.850 Motion until 09/01/97.  His 3.850 Motion took over fours years in the State Circuit Court.


Case Information:


On 06/26/91, Armstrong filed a Direct Appeal in the Florida Supreme Court.  Among the 24 issues raised in that appeal, four points were particularly noteworthy.  First, Armstrong believed a new trial was needed because Allen lied about material facts at trial.  Secondly, Armstrong contends that the State submitted inadmissible evidence in order to refresh the memory of a witness.  In the penalty phase, the defendant claimed that the judge arrived at a sentencing decision prior to Armstrong being given the opportunity to speak on his behalf.  Lastly, Armstrong believes that some of the aggravating factors applied to his case were duplicative.  The Supreme Court affirmed the conviction and sentence of death on 08/11/94.


On 02/24/95, Armstrong filed a Petition for Writ of Certiorari in the United States Supreme Court, which was denied on 04/24/95.


On 03/18/97, Armstrong filed a 3.850 Motion in the Circuit Court, which was denied on 05/25/01. On 08/27/01, Armstrong filed an appeal of his 3.850 Motion in the Florida Supreme Court.  On 10/30/03, the Florida Supreme Court affirmed the denial of Armstrong’s 3.850 Motion in part, vacated his death sentence and remanded for a new penalty phase.  In lieu of one of Armstrong’s prior felony convictions being vacated, which was used as an aggravating circumstance during his original penalty phase, the Florida Supreme Court remanded the case for resentencing.


On 08/27/01, Armstrong filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus in the Florida Supreme Court, which was denied on 10/30/03.


On 02/18/04, Armstrong filed a Petition for Writ of Certiorari with the United States Supreme Court, which was denied on 05/17/04.


On 06/15/07, Armstrong was again sentenced to death.


On 09/09/09, Armstrong filed his second Direct Appeal in the Florida Supreme Court, which is pending. 


Institutional Adjustment: 


DATE           DAYS                  VIOLATION                         LOCATION      

--------            ----               ----------------------------              -------------------

02/22/00          0               POSS OF CONTRABAND          UNION C. I.        



10/30/01 – ew

10/30/01 – approved – ws

08/25/10 – updated – kkr