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Last NameFirst NamePictureDC NumberAgencyCase Summary
QuinceKenneth 075812CCRC-MCase Summary

Last Action

DateCourtCase NumberLast Action
11/1/2004CC80000483.202 Motion filed
3/1/2006CC8000048Mental status of Judge to be evaluated
7/1/2006CC8000048Final hearing
12/1/2006CC8000048Status Conference
11/3/2008CC8000048Evidentiary Hearing held

Current Attorney


Last Updated

2008-01-09 11:43:13.0

Case Summary
Direct Links

The Commission on Capital Cases updates this information regularly

The Commission on Capital Cases updates thisinformation regularly. This information, however, is subject to change and maynot reflect the latest status of an inmate’s case and should not be relied uponfor statistical or legal purposes.


QUINCE, Kenneth Darcell (B/M)

AKA:  Rasikh Abdul-Hakim

DC#    075812

DOB:  02/10/59


Seventh Judicial Circuit, Volusia County Case# 80-48-CC

Sentencing Judge:  The Honorable S. Foxman

Attorney, Trial:  Howard B. Pearl – Assistant PublicDefender

Attorney, Direct Appeal:  James R. Wulchak – AssistantPublic Defender

Attorney, Collateral Appeals:  Peter J. Cannon &Carol Rodriguez – CCRC-M


Date of Offense:  12/28/79

Date of Sentence:  10/21/80


Circumstances of the Offense:


On 12/30/79, the body of an 82-year-old female was foundlying on the floor of her bedroom. The detective who found the body, DetectiveLarry Lewis, surveyed bruises on the victim’s forearm and under her ear, asmall abrasion on the pelvic area, and dried blood under the victim’s nose.


During the autopsy, it was discerned that the cause of deathwas strangulation. Two lacerations on the victim’s head were found andattributed to a sharp edge, either from an instrument or the lip of furniture.The lacerations could have rendered the victim unconscious. It was determinedthat the sexual assault occurred prior to the victim’s death, but it could notbe determined if the victim was conscious at the time of the assault.


Several fingerprints were found around a window in the house.This window was determined to be the point of entry for the assailant. Thefingerprints found around the window were compared to Kenneth Quince’s and werefound to be a match. Quince was arrested at his home, which was two blocks awayfrom the scene. After being questioned by police, Quince admitted to thefollowing events. Quince claimed he had been in the house several years earlierwhen he had mowed the lawn for the victim. He stated that he had burglarizedthe home believing that no one was home. While Quince was in the house, Ms.Bowdoin opened the door of her bedroom. Both saw each other, and then Ms.Bowdoin proceeded to shut and lock her bedroom door. Quince then pushed his waythrough the door, which knocked Ms. Bowdoin onto the floor. Ms. Bowdoin stoodup and started screaming. Quince attempted to silence her by grabbing her bythe throat and shaking her. He then pushed her to the floor. Quince then beganlooking for valuables again and found a tape player, a radio, and a ring. WhenQuince was leaving the house, he stepped on Ms. Bowdoin’s stomach. During thisquestioning, Quince denied any knowledge of the sexual assault.


During later questioning, when confronted with forensicevidence, Quince admitted to the sexual assault, but refused to discuss thedetails. Later, when questioned by psychologists, Quince admitted that, whenMs. Bowdoin fell to the floor her nightgown ended up around her waist, whichrevealed her legs and pelvic area. He claimed this sexually aroused him andresulted in his decision to rape Ms. Bowdoin.


Trial Summary:


01/17/80         Indicted as follows:

                                   Count I:           First-Degree Murder

                                   Count II:           SexualBattery

                                   Count III:         Burglary of anOccupied Dwelling

08/11/80         Defendant entered a guilty plea and waived his right to have an advisory juryimpaneled to recommend sentence

10/21/80         Sentenced as follows:

                                   Count I:           First-Degree Murder – Death

                                   Count II:           SexualBattery – Dismissed

                                   Count III:         Burglary of anOccupied Dwelling – Death


Appeal Summary:


Florida Supreme Court – Direct Appeal

FSC# 59,954

414 So. 2d 185


11/24/80         Appeal filed

03/04/82         FSC affirmed conviction and sentence

05/27/82         Rehearing denied

06/29/82         Mandate issued


United States Supreme Court – Petition for Writ ofCertiorari

USSC# 82-5096

459 U.S. 895


07/22/82         Petition filed

10/04/82         Petition denied

State Circuit Court – 3.850 Motion

CC# 80-48-CC


07/05/83         Motion filed

04/30/84         Motion denied


Florida Supreme Court – 3.850 Appeal

FSC# 65,407

477 So. 2d 535


06/04/84         Appeal filed

09/05/85         FSC affirmed trial’s court denial of 3.850 motion

11/19/85         Rehearing denied

12/26/85         Mandate issued


United States Supreme Court – Petition for Writ ofCertiorari

USSC# 85-6365

475 U.S. 1132


02/14/86         Petition filed

04/21/86         Petition denied


United States District Court, Middle District –Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus

USDC# 86-685


08/11/86         Petition filed

12/14/87         Petition denied

12/23/87         Motion to amend the judgment

01/20/88         Amendment to the motion

12/21/88         Petition was denied


United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit –Habeas Appeal

USCA# 89-3048


01/18/89         Appeal filed

09/21/89         USDC’s opinion was vacated and remanded to USDC


State Circuit Court – 3.850 Motion

CC# 80-48-CC


05/30/89         Motion filed

11/06/89         Motion denied

United States District Court, Middle District –Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus

USDC# 86-685


09/21/89         Case remanded to USDC by USCA, Eleventh Circuit

10/26/90         Case was administratively closed


Florida Supreme Court – 3.850 Appeal

FSC# 77,610

592 So. 2d 669


03/18/91         Appeal filed

01/16/92         Case remanded to trial court for evidentiary hearing

02/17/92         Mandate issued


State Circuit Court – 3.850 Motion

CC# 80-48-CC


01/16/92         Case remanded to trial court for evidentiary hearing

12/15/92         Evidentiary hearing held

04/02/93         Trial court ruled there was no conflict of interest


Florida Supreme Court – 3.850 Appeal

FSC# 81,730

676 So. 2d 369


05/07/93         Appeal filed

03/07/96         FSC vacated trial’s court denial of the postconviction relief and remanded

the case for a newproceeding

07/10/96         Rehearing denied

08/09/96         Mandate issued


State Circuit Court – 3.850Motion

CC# 80-48-CC


03/07/96         Motion remanded back to trial court by FSC

11/12/99         Motion denied


Florida Supreme Court – 3.850 Appeal

FSC# 89-960

732 So. 2d 1059


02/24/97         Appeal filed

04/08/99         FSC affirmed trial court’s denial of 3.850 motion

06/15/99         Rehearing denied

07/15/99         Mandate issued


United States District Court, Middle District –Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus

USDC# 86-685


06/28/00         Case reopened

05/10/02         Petition denied


United States Court of Appeals – Habeas Appeal (fromUSDC)

USCA# 02-13371

360 F.3d 1259


06/25/02         Petition filed

02/18/04         USCA affirmed the denial of the petition

04/27/04         Rehearing denied

05/03/04         Mandate issued


United States Supreme Court – Petition for Writ ofCertiorari

USSC# 04-5429

125 S.Ct.436, 160 L.Ed.2d 325


07/20/04         Petition filed

11/01/04         Petition denied


State Circuit Court – 3.202 Motion

CC# 80-48-CC



11/01/04         Motion filed




01/31/84         Death Warrant signed by Governor Chiles

02/08/84         Circuit Court granted a Stay of Execution




07/06/83         Clemency hearing held (denied)


Factors Contributing to the Delay in Execution of Sentence:


The delays in this case are the successive 3.850 Motions,which led to numerous 3.850 Appeals.  In one instance, an evidentiaryhearing held in the circuit court was procedurally flawed.  The main issuethat constituted the above delay was the possible conflict of interestregarding the trial defense attorney also being a special deputy sheriff.


Case Information:


Quince filed a Direct Appeal to the Florida Supreme Court on11/24/80. He raised several issues in the appeal, mainly surrounding thejudge’s ruling on aggravating and mitigating factors. Another issue raised wasthat a general sentence was improperly imposed on him for two separateoffenses. The Court ruled that the death sentence could have been imposed onlyfor the murder charge and not the burglary. The Court affirmed the sentence on03/04/82. The rehearing was denied on 05/27/82 and the mandate was issued on06/29/82.


Quince filed a Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the UnitedStates Supreme Court on 07/22/82. The Petition was denied on 10/04/82.


Quince filed a 3.850 Motion to the Circuit Court on07/05/83.  During the time that the motion was pending, Governor Chilessigned a death warrant for Quince on 01/31/84. The Circuit Court granted a Stayof Execution on 02/08/84.  The 3.850 motion was denied on 04/30/84. Quince then filed a 3.850 Appeal to the Florida Supreme Court on06/04/84. Many of the issues raised in the appeal by Quince were considered inthe Direct Appeal and therefore were procedurally barred.  The remainingissues surrounded the claim of ineffective assistance of counsel.  TheCourt applied the two-part test described in Strickland v. Washington[1].  The Court ruledthat Quince failed to meet the first part of the Strickland test.  TheCourt affirmed the trial court’s denial of the 3.850 Motion on 09/05/85. The rehearing was denied on 11/19/85 and the mandate was issued on12/26/85.


Quince filed a Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the UnitedStates Supreme Court on 02/14/86.  The Petition was denied on 04/21/86.


Quince filed a petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus to theUnited States District Court (USDC), Middle District, on 08/11/86.  Thepetition was denied on 12/14/87. A motion to amend the judgment was filed on12/23/87.  An amendment to the motion was filed on 01/20/88.  Thepetition was denied on 12/21/88.  Quince filed an appeal of the USDC’sdenial to the United States Court of Appeals (USCA), 11th  Circuit, on01/18/89.  On 09/21/89, the USCA vacated the USDC’s order and remanded thecase.  The USDC gave Quince 20 days to file an amended petition.  On10/26/90, the case was administratively closed by the USDC so that issues couldbe decided at the state level.


During this time, Quince also filed a second 3.850 Motion tothe Circuit Court on 05/30/89.  The main issue within the motion wasconflict of interest based on Harich v. State[2].  Quince’s defense attorney, Howard Pearl,served as a special deputy sheriff.  The motion was denied on 11/06/89. Quince filed a motion to disqualify Judge S. James Foxman and a petitionfor rehearing on 11/20/89.  The motion to disqualify the judge was basedon a comment that Judge Foxman had made stating that out-of-state lawyers “lookdown their noses at us and tend to think we’re a bunch of rednecks.”  Atthe time, an attorney from Washington, D.C., was representing Quince.  TheMotion and Petition were denied on 02/19/91.  Quince filed an appeal ofthe Circuit Court’s denial of his 3.850 Motion to the Florida Supreme Court on03/18/91.  The main issues raised in the appeal were that the trial courterroneously ruled against Quince in his attempt to disqualify the judge andthat the trial court had ruled on the 3.850 Motion without conducting an evidentiaryhearing.  The Court ruled that Quince’s motion to disqualify the judge waslegally insufficient and found no error in the trial court’s decision.  Inregard to the absence of an evidentiary hearing, the Court referred to theHarich decision, in which the Florida Supreme Court directed the trial court toconduct an evidentiary hearing into the possibility of a conflict of interestand remanded the case to the trial court for an evidentiary hearing to be heldon the matter.  This opinion was rendered on 01/16/92.  The mandatewas issued on 02/17/92.


The Circuit Court held a consolidated evidentiary hearingfor four defendants previously represented by Howard Pearl on12/15/92-12/18/92.  An order was issued on 04/02/93 stating there was noconflict of interest and again denying Quince’s 3.850 motion.  Quincefiled an appeal of the trial court’s decision to the Florida Supreme Court on05/07/93.  The Court ruled that the evidentiary proceedings wereprocedurally flawed which violated the appellant’s right to due process. The Court vacated the trial court’s order denying 3.850 relief andremanded the case for proceedings that dealt with each appellant’s claimsindividually. The rehearing was denied on 07/10/96 and the mandate was issuedon 08/09/96.


Quince’s 3.850 Motion was remanded to the Circuit Court bythe Florida Supreme Court, as stated above.  Quince filed a motion to theCircuit Court to have Judge Foxman disqualified because he had been a witnessin the previous evidentiary hearing.  On 08/27/96, Judge Foxman recusedhimself.  Quince filed a motion to recuse Judge Johnson, Judge Foxman’sreplacement, and the court denied the motion.  The 3.850 motion was deniedon 11/12/96.  Quince then filed a 3.850 Appeal in the Florida SupremeCourt on 02/24/97.  The issues raised in the appeal included the followingissues:  the trial court’s refusal to disqualify Judge Johnson,ineffective assistance of counsel, and conflict of interest due to the HowardPearl issue.  The Court found no error.  The Court affirmed the trialcourt’s denial of the 3.850 Motion on 04/08/99. The rehearing was denied on06/15/99 and the mandate was issued on 07/15/99.


Quince’s Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus was reopened in theUnited States District Court, Middle District, on 06/28/00.  The Petitionwas denied on 05/10/02.


On 06/25/02, Quince filed a Petition for Habeas Corpus tothe United States Court of Appeals, which appealed the United States DistrictCourt’s decision to deny his petition.  The USCA affirmed the denial ofhis Petition on 02/18/04.


On 11/01/04, Quince filed a 3.202 Motion to the CircuitCourt, which is currently pending.

Institutional Adjustment:









































Report Date:  05/22/02          NMP

Approved:      05/30/02          WS

Updated:        04/22/09          AEH

[1]Quoting from Strickland v Washington: “First, the defendant must show thatcounsel’s performance was deficient. This requires showing that counsel madeerrors so serious that counsel was not functioning as the “counsel” guaranteedthe defendant by the Sixth Amendment. Second, the defendant must show that thedeficient performance prejudiced the defense. This requires showing thatcounsel’s errors were so serious as to deprive the defendant of a fair trial, atrial whose result is reliable.” (466 U.S. 668)

[2]Harich v. State dealt with the alleged conflict of interest in defense trialcounsel, Howard Pearl, serving as a special deputy sheriff in addition toHarich’s defense counsel.